Shakespearean tragedies are the excellent products of early modern England. They respond with incredible ingenium to the major questions posed but unfinished in the Classical periods, and to some extent, present his own understanding of humanity. This course will cover four tragedies by Shakespeare, which are Hamlet, Macbeth, King Lear and Othello, on the basis of close reading of some key passages in them, and in light of what we now call politics, literary studies, history and gender studies, etc. We expect to discover a Shakespeare, whom Harold Bloom judges as follows: ‘Shakespeare will not make us better, and he will not make us worse, but he may teach us how to overhear ourselves when we talk to ourselves... he may teach us how to accept change in ourselves as in others, and perhaps even the final form of change’ (Excerpted from "Choice interviews: Harold Bloom interviewed by Terry Farish", Choice v32, #6 (Feb, 1995): pp. 899 - 901.).