This course focuses on the development and evolution of architecture around the world (especially in the western world dominated by Europe) before the end of the 19th century. It covers architecture in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Iranian plateau, that in ancient Greek, Rome, and Byzantium, and that in European feudal society and the Islamic world.
The evolution of urban culture and architectural art is the emergence of social relations that are reflected through production of space. This course will lead students to learn to distinguish different architectural terms such as architectural function, space, form, order, context, and construction from the reading of theories and history, and provide them insights into architecture as a cultural phenomenon. Through cognition of the representative buildings, construction activities, architectural thoughts, and other historical treasures at different times in history of various civilizations, students are expected to establish an architectural historical view on the mutual interaction between architecture and a host of human civilization factors such as society, religion, culture and science and technology.