As a core component of cultural heritage, material remains are an important medium for us to study the past cultures. It is a mirror of ancient society, reflecting information on the handicraft, subsistence, belief, technology, trade, and other aspects of the past. Material remains also shed light on the relationship among objects and peoples. This course follows a chronological order to discuss representative cultural relics and explore their cultural landscape. Different from the text-centered traditional historiography, this course presents a vivid history of Chinese material culture. Students will develop a preliminary understanding of the basic development of ancient China, and enhance their perception and recognition of China’s material past. In addition, we will also reflect on the dynamics of social development, and the relationship between objects, technology and society.