The western research of China has been greatly influenced by the colonial interests of western countries. Advanced knowledge of the subordinate peoples and countries was one of the instruments in colonial politics. To some extent, modern scholars of China have inherited this tradition. At this discussion, we would like to focus on the following questions: What motivates western scholars of China today? What are the biases in western scholarship? How can the Chinese people benefit from western studies? Is there a hope of reconciliation between western and Chinese approaches to China studies?