Gothic architecture represents a special architectural form and construction system developed during the Middle Ages in European. The first Gothic constructions can be found between the 12th to the 13th centuries in France. This form and construction system has soon spread in France and extended to Germanic region. In the 19th century, Gothic architecture became a symbol of the idea of union of the German Empire. At the same time, the French historians has developed deeper studies about the system in France. Following the historical “construction” of Gothic architecture as a “style”, this special form and construction system has served as an essential inspiration for architects during the very beginning period of Modern architecture, as key reference of design and structural process. The Gothic architecture has thereby inspired numerous museums, rail-way stations and many other Modern designs. From the beginning of the 20th century, other specificities of the Gothic architecture continued to serve as sources of inspiration for thinking and conceiving new architecture. This lecture aims to deduct an outline of the historical evolution of Gothic architecture in the past one thousand years by means of analysis of a series of cases selected and located in France as well as in Germanic region.